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1. Realism and Formalism
Key Terms and Concepts:
- Avant-Garde: It is one of the three types of movies -documentaries, fiction and avant-garde films films -which are terms that are also used as terms of convenience because they often overlap; those especially in the arts who create or apply new or experimental ideas and techniques.
- Bird's-eye shot: A shot that is marked with spots resembling bird's eyes; or sometimes a use of a uniform good-looking young women who are used primarily as semi-abstract visual knits, like bits of glass in a shifting kaleidoscope of fornmal patterns such as the choreography of Busby Berkeley.
- Classical Cinema: It's a mode that most critics refer to because most fiction films fall somewhere between these two extremes: the realistic cinema toward documentary with the emphasis on the photographing actual events and people; and the formalist cinema that emphasizes technique and expressiveness.
- Classical Paradigm: Most fiction films, especially ones produced in America tend to conform the classical paradigm. Classical cinema can be viewed as an intermediate style that avoids the extreme of realism and formalism.
- Expressionists: It is the term which formalists are referred to because their self-expression is at least as important as the subject matter itself.
- Formalistic: To give a certain form of movies that are stylistically flamboyant. The directors are concerned with expressing their unbashedly subjective experience of reality, not how others might see it.
- Realistic: Such films are less obvious because realists try to preserve the illusion that their film world is unmanipulated, an objective mirror of the actual world.
1) What do realistic films supposed to reproduce?
2) Why are formalist films stylistically flamboyant?
3) Why are formalist directors referred to as expressionists?
4) Why would realists be concerned with more spritual and psycological truths?
5) How come realists would say that their most major concern is content than form or technique?
Year of Production (YoP): 1961, directed by Jordan Belson in the USA
Reason: Belson's works are inspired by philosophical concepts mainly from oriental religions. The images he portrays could symbolize a stylized eyeball, seen as Mandala design, and The Tibetan Buddhist symbol of the universe. His patterns expand, congeal, flicker and split into other shapes only to re-create and burst again.
YoP: 1934, directed by Ray Enright, and choreographed by Busby Berkeley in the USA
Reason: Busby's choreographies are far removed from the real world, as a result, depressed audiences would see it to escape everyday reality. Enright also liberates the camera by using techniques such as soaring overhead, swirling amongst dancers, juxtaposing shots from a variety of vantage points throughout musical numbers.
Title: Mr. Deeds Goes to Town
YoP: 1936, directed by Frank Capra in the USA
Reason: Uses classical cinema avoids extremes of realism and formalism. His presentation has a surface plausibility of style, and his pictorial elements are subordinated to the presentation of characters in action. The film is also story oriented.
Title: 7th. Seal
YoP: 1957, Directed by Ingmar Bergman in Sweden
Reason: He uses a high degree of manipulation in narrative materials and visual presentation is stylized. He is concerned with the beauty and power. He excels in dealing with ideas such as- political, religious, philosophical, and often a chosen medium of propagandisttic artists.
Title: Hearts and Minds
YoP: 1975, directed by Peter Davis in the USA
Reason: The emotional impact comes from truth, rather than beauty. The photo shows Vietnamese kids running from an accidental bombing on the community. Ironically, no other country but the US would allow such self-damning footage, which is why it is conrolled by the government.
Links: Add links with a brief description.
1) a wikipedia definition of formalism - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formalist_film_theory
2) A film site that explains realism and shows more examples of realism backed up with pictures. - http://www.greencine.com/static/primers/neorealism1.jsp
3) Support information about the formalist film theory. - http://www.answers.com/topic/film-theory
4) Shows the fundamentals of formalist and realist theorys. - http://faculty.salisbury.edu/~axsharma/MyWebs/EFP/film_theory.htm
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|Anonymous||Realism||0||Aug 29 2014, 3:21 AM EDT by Anonymous|
Thread started: Aug 29 2014, 3:21 AM EDT Watch
" Such films are less obvious because realists try to preserve the illusion that their film world is unmanipulated, an objective mirror of the actual world."
This decribes not realism, but what Andre Bazin called psuedo-realism. Realism is an entirely different ball game. First of all, all realist films are entirely manipulated films. One might even say they are illusions. Or an effect. Regardless of how one describes a realist film there is no attempt by the realist filmmaker to suggest the work is not an effect. For example Bazin referred to the realist film as both a fact and an hallucination. A psuedo-realist film, on the other hand, is an attempt to fake realism - as if realism was not already an hallucination. In other words it is the pseudo-realist filmmaker who believes they are in possession of some non-hallucinogenic reality, and on the basis of which they will fake such. The error in psuedo-realism is believing that reality is a given, against which all images are either an image of it, an image faking it, or of some other persuasion. But in realism (of the Bazinian variety) the realism is understood in terms of the image itself rather than in terms of a relationship between image and some reality outside of such. It is the image itself that will be understood as real. Not of reality but a reality in itself. It is precisely that which psuedo-realism will try to otherwise fake - leading to a division: into "reality" on the one hand (supposedly given) and a picture of such on the other (supposedly constructed). Realism works against this split insofar as it seeks to create a philosophical space prior to such a division - where image and reality are not yet different things. As strange as that sounds to Platonic thought.
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|Anonymous||woteva!||0||Mar 17 2011, 4:12 AM EDT by Anonymous|
Thread started: Mar 17 2011, 4:12 AM EDT Watch
Formalism is the setting of the scene, laying bare the devices and scientifically dissecting the cinematography and editing.
as seen by the russian formalists of 1915- 1930
a concern for form over content
stylistically flamboyant..... thats more auteur theory not formalism
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|nic.stevens||oh dear god...||0||Dec 17 2010, 11:46 PM EST by nic.stevens|
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